Statistics of Buddhist Temples in Bangladesh as par Districts and Thanas – Upali Sramon

 

According to some traditional accounts, the name Chittagong is a phonetic corruption of original Caittyagram (cetiyagāma the village of cetiyas or pagodas) made by English speaking government officials during the colonial period for the convenience of pronunciation. From this account, we may get some idea about the enormous number of Buddhist pagodas that existed in Chittagong. Most of them are now destroyed, converted to Muslim mosques, or used for some other purposes. During the rule of Buddhist kings in Bengal many great internationally famous Buddhist monasteries and educational centres were built. These exist at present, but, only in ruins with heaps of dark bricks. Although not equivalent in glory or prominence like the ancient ones, there are still a good number of modern Buddhist temples in Bangladesh. According to a survey conducted in 2005 by a local Buddhist Organization known as ‘Bangladesh Bouddho Dharmiyo Kalyan Trust’, there are around 1290 Buddhist monasteries scattered in different districts and Thanas of Bangladesh. Most of them are in Chittagong and Chittagong hill tracts. Following is the statistical record of this survey reproduced here from Samyak (a Buddhist quarterly in Bengali, July 2005). This will also give some clue about the geographical distribution of Buddhist population in Bangladesh.

No. Districts and Thanas Number of Temples
01 Central Dhaka 8
02 Comilla 18
03 Noakhali 3
04 Feni 2
05 Patuakhali 19
06 Barguna 16
07 Rangpur 12
08 Central Chittagong 11
09 Sitakundu Thana 5
10. Mirsarai Thana 7
11. Hat Hazari Thana 10
12. Phatikchari Thana 26
13. Raozan Thana 88
14. Ranguniya Thana 49
15. Boal khali Thana 18
16. Patia Thana 43
17. Bandar Thana 1
18. Candanaish Thana 28
19. Lohagara Thana 17
20. Satkania Thana 10
21. Anoara Thana 7
22. Bashkhali Thana 5
23. Central Cox’s bazaar 15
24. Teknaf Thana 8
25. Ukhiya Thana 24
26. Ramu Thana 18
27. Makeshkhali Thana 8
28. Central Rangamati 60
29. Baghaichari Thana 43
30. Jurachari Thana 16
31. Bilaichari Thana 11
32. Naniarcar Thana 28
33. Kaptai Thana 36
34. Barkal Thana 30
35. Kaukhali Thana 57
36. Rajsthan Thana 27
37. Langgach Thana 22
38. Khagrachari Thana 58
39. Mahalchari Thana 35
40. Manikchari Thana 12
41. Matiranga Thana 13
42. Ramgar Thana 15
43. Panchari Thana 26
44. Lakkhichara Thana 14
45. Dighinala Thana 29
46. Bandarban sadar 91
47. Naikkhangchari Thana 57
48. Lama Thana 28
49. Roang chari Thana 47
50. Ruma Thana 28
51. Alikdam Thana 8
52. Thanci Thana 18
53. North Bengal 5
Total Bangladesh 1290
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